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STATE OF ISRAEL I MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT   
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שלח באימייל הדפס
Plant Sciences
Animal Science
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Fruit Tree Sciences
Ornamental Plants and Agricultural Biotechnology
Vegetable and Field Crops
Administration - Plant sciences
Vegetable and Field Crops
Head: Moshe Lapidot, Ph.D.
Staff
Vision: Excellence in research and development of vegetable and field crops and their adaptation to diverse environmental conditions

 

Aims:

- To improve the quality and yield of vegetable, field and herbal crops for fresh market consumption, industrial use and for the extraction of natural health-promoting metabolites.
- To improve the resistance of vegetable, field and herbal crops to biotic and abiotic stresses.
- To increase and utilize the genetic diversity of vegetable, field, and herbal crops.
- To become a professional authority in genetics and physiology of vegetable, field and herbal crops.
- To train future generations of whole-plant breeders and researchers.

Objectives

- Improving fruit, tuber and grain quality and development.
- Improving resistance of vegetable, field and herbal crops to biotic and abiotic stresses.
- Development of grafting procedures in vegetable crops.
- Development of vegetable production systems in the open field and in protected environment.
- Development of field-crop production systems.

Activities

The areas of research in the department range from applied breeding and agro-technical improvement programs to basic physiological, molecular and biotechnological research relating to the advancement of vegetable and field crops. The research in the department focuses on the major export vegetable crops of Israel, including the solanaceous tomato, pepper, paprika and potato; the cucurbitaceous melons, watermelons, squash and pumpkins; the field crops wheat, chickpea, barley and peanuts; herbs and spices; as well as strawberry, potato and sweet potato.


The Department of Vegetable Research also includes the Israel Gene Bank which is responsible for collection, preservation and evaluation of plant species indigenous to Israel including landraces and primitive cultivars.

Department head: Dr. Moshe Lapidot

Telephone: 03-9683568.
Fax: 03-9669583
Mobile: 050-6220568.
e-mail: lapidotm@volcani.agri.gov.il


Staff
Researchers
Name
(Surname, First name)
Research Interests /
Job description
Barazani Oz, Ph.D.
Ben-David Roi, Ph.D. 1. Improving early vigor and coleoptile length under fluctuating environmental condition by introducing GAR (GA responsive) dwarfing genes. 2. Breeding winter cereals (Wheat, Barley, Triticale and Oat) in Israel for high biomass and grain yield for cattle feed. 3. Genetic characterization of wheat land races collection. 4. Screening for net blotch resistance in Barley seedlings.
Cohen Shachar, Ph.D.
Dai Nir, Ph.D. - The mechanism and the inheritance of resistance to powdery mildew in strawberry for the development of resistant cultivars. - DNA markers as a tool for strawberry cultivar identification and marker-assisted breeding. - Strawberry fruit secondary metabolites and antioxidants. - Regulation of strawberry flowering.
Firon Nurit, Ph.D. A. Solanaceae pollen biology, Pollen temperature-stress-response & thermotolerance. B. Sweetpotato research - focus on mechanisms involved in storage root initiation and development, and root system architechture.
Fridman Eyal, Ph.D. > Heterozygosity and hybrid vigor in plants and yeast > Allele mining in crop plants > Phenotypic and genomic variation underlying plant adaptation to changing environments- Barley1K as a model infrastructure > Plastic translation in changing temperatures - Mechanism and phenotypic consequences > Identification of beneficial wild species alleles (QTL mapping) and their introduction to modern crops by allele editing
Galili Shmuel, Ph.D. Chickpea breeder
Ginzberg Idit, Ph.D. Potato physiology Periderm (cork) tissue development
Granot David, Ph.D. • Sugar metabolism and sensing in plants • The effect of sugars on stomata • The connection between sugar sensing and regulation of stomata, photosynthesis and transpiration. • Xylem development and water transport
Harel Arye (Arik), Ph.D. Biotic stress research: * Studying the genetic base of plant microbe interactions. Focus on tomato-Botrytis cinerea system. * Evolutionary forces that shape the genomes of microbial phytopathogens (fungi, and bacteria). * Molecular mechanisms of plant defense.
Hovav Ran, Ph.D. Peanut breeding Peanut genetics and molecular biology Cotton fiber and seed oil research Basic research of oil metabolism
Itkin Maxim, Ph.D.
Kleiman Maya, Ph.D. Our lab is on the interface between material sciences and biology. We use synthetic materials to both mimic biological systems and gain insights over those systems. Our main interest lies the surface microstructure and the effect it has on plant-environment interaction. Main projects include: - Synthetic replicas of tomato leaf surface microstructure under different conditions that change the microstructure. We also examine how those changes influence the leaf interaction with different tomato pathogens. - Synthetic replicas of tomato root surface in a three dimensional manner as well as combination of different structures with different chemicals extracted from the root. This system is a platform to separate the physical effect from the chemical effect in the root-pathogen interaction. - Studying the influence of the three dimensional arrangement of the cells on the plant's regeneration potential.
Lapidot Moshe, Ph.D. Viral Resistance in Vegetable Crops. Mechanisms and genetics of viral resistance. Whitefly-transmitted viruses.
Levin Ilan, Ph.D. - Molecular analysis of fruit quality traits including phytonutrient and sugar content. - Photomorphogenesis and its relation to plant development and fruit quality traits. - Molecular analysis of quantitative trait loci associated with Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus.
Lieberman Lazarovich Michal, Ph.D. - Biotic and abiotic stresses in Solanaceae; Focusing on high-temperature stress in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). - Epigenetics for crop breeding (Epibreeding).
Lugassi Nitsan, Ph.D.
Paran Ilan, Ph.D. Genetics and breeding of vegetable crops
Schaffer Arthur A., Ph.D.
Engineers/Technicians
Name
(Surname, First name)
Research Interests /
Job description
Badani Hanna, Ms. Lab technician, chickpea hybridization and breeding
Barzilai Michal, Ms.
Borovsky Yelena, M.Sc.
Chen Leah, Ms.
Cohen Dvir, B.Sc.
Eselson Elena, Ph.D.
Faigenboim Adi, Ph.D.
Fogelman Edna, M.Sc.
Gelbart Dana, Ph.D.
Kamara Itzhak, M.Sc.
Kelly Gilor, Ph.D.
Landau Netanel, Mr.
Levy Yael, B.Sc.
Machbosh Zion, Mr.
Murakhouvsky Leonid, Mr.
Nashef Kamal, Mr.
Petreikov Marina, Ph.D.
Sarig Rotem, Ms.
Shabtai Sara, M.Sc.
Tanami Zcharia, Mr.
Wolf Dalia, M.Sc.
Retiree
Name
(Surname, First name)
Research Interests /
Job description
Aloni Benjamin (Benny), Ph.D. Stress physiology in vegetable. * Processes involved in reproductive organs abortion in greenhouse-grown vegetables. *Assimilate partitioning and metabolism in relation to abscission of flowers and fruitlets under adverse temperature and light conditions. *Fruit production under environmental stresses. Study of mechanisms underlying fruit physiological disorders: Fruit shape malformation Fruit skin cracking Fruit Blossom-end rot *Study of the physiological, biochemical and molecular aspects of incompatibility in vegetable grafting. *Interactions between plant hormones IAA, ethylene and ABA in stress tolerance. *Interactions between environmental stresses and oxidative processes in the plants.
Barg Rivka, Ph.D. Biotechnological manipulation of parthenocarpic fruit set Molecular biology of fruit set and development Physiology and molecular aspects of fruit-set in response to auxin triggering Isolation of plant reproductive organ-specific genes and their promoters Role of fatty acid desaturation in abiotic stress tolerance
Gafni Yedidya, Prof. The research in my laboratory is aimed at understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in the interactions between the Tomato yellow leaf curl virus and the host plant cell. Recently we discovered the suppression of gene silencing activity of the V2 protein of the virus. The understanding of the mechanism(s) by which V2 interferes with the silencing machinery of the host plant cell is now under investigation.
Gidoni David, Ph.D. Our laboratory main activities: (1) Development of site-specific recombination strategies for programmed DNA rearrangements; transgenes management and control in transgenic plants [see Gidoni et al.(2008) Site-specific excisional recombination strategies for elimination of undesirable transgenes from crop plants. In Vitro Cell & Dev Biol-Plant. 44: 457-467]. (2) Generation of mapped T-DNA/Ds transposon insertion lines, for targeted gene discovery and functional genomics studies in tomato [see Gidoni et al. (2003) Multi-functional T-DNA/Ds tomato lines designed for gene cloning and molecular and physical dissection of the tomato genome. Plant Mol. Biol. 51: 83-98].
Levy Arieh, Ph.D.
Levy David, Ph.D. Emeritus
Pilowsky Meir, Ph.D. Emeritus
Pressman Etan, Ph.D.
Salts Yehiam, Ph.D. • Physiology and Molecular Biology of tomato Fruit-Set and Development • Parthenocarpic Fruit-Set • Molecular basis for abiotic stress tolerance • Isolation of Plant Organ-Specific promoters
Steinitz Benjamin, Ph.D. - Plant biotechnology, tissue culture and genetic transformation. - Control of cell differentiation, organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis. - Plant-environment interactions. - Sustainable agriculture. - Agricultural and environmental research management.
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