Potato tuber periderm - studies on the development of corky tissue and related potato skin disorders in the field
The skin of potato tuber is made of periderm tissue. The periderm replaces the original epidermal cell layer of the tuber early in development, and is made up of three cell types. The phellem that composes the tuber skin, the meristematic phellogen that creates the skin, and parenchyma-like phelloderm. The protective characteristics of the periderm are thought to derive from the deposition of suberin on the walls of its phellem resulting with corky skin. The periderm is also enriched with enzymes and metabolites involved in the plant's responses to biotic and abiotic stresses that further add to its protective role. Impairment of periderm development affects its protective characteristics against water loss and pathogen invasion, and reduces tuber storage quality and tuber visual appearance and marketability.
Periderm plays a crucial role in agricultural crops. It constitutes the skin of sweet potato and carrot as well, and the netted rind of melons - all are desired traits - but is also the cause of substantial costly damages such as russeting problems in potato, apple, pear, tomato, etc. In potato it also involved with skinning injuries during harvest and with secondary metabolism of anthocyanins and glycoalkaloids, both are mainly accumulated in the parenchyma-like phelloderm.
We conduct basic and applied science to characterize the function of the potato periderm. That knowledge is being translated for the elevation of nutritional values and marketability of fruits and vegetables.
פרסומים בעיתונות מקצועית ישראלית מצויים בדף הבית בעברית
Ginzberg I., Fogelman E., Rosenthal L. and Stern R.A. (2013) Maintenance of high epidermal cell density and reduced calyx cracking in developing 'Pink Lady' apples treated with a combination of cytokinin 6-benzyladenine and gibberellins A4+A7 . Sci Hort, in press
Constanza Manrique-Carpintero N., Tokuhisa JG., Ginzberg I. and Veilleux RE. (2013). Allelic variation in genes contributing to glycoalkaloid biosynthesis in a diploid interspecific population of potato. TAG DOI 10.1007/s00122-013-2226-2.
Constanza Manrique-Carpintero N., Tokuhisa JG., Ginzberg I., Holliday JA., and Veilleux RE. (2013).Sequence diversity in coding regions of candidate genes in the glycoalkaloid biosynthetic pathway of wild potato species. G3 3:1467-1479.
Stern R., Ben-Arie R. and Ginzberg I. (2013). Reducing the incidence of calyx cracking in ‘Pink Lady' apple using a combination of cytokinin 6-benzyladenine and gibberellins (GA4+7). J. Hort. Sci. & Biotech. 88:147-153.
Ginzberg I., Yermiyahu U., Mintz D., Faingold I., Sorianoa S., Mints M. and Fogelman E. (2012). Calcium mitigated potato skin physiological disorder. Am. J. Potato Res. 89:351-362.
Ginzberg I., Thippeswamy M., Fogelman E., Demirel U., Mweetwa A.M., Tokuhisa J. and Veilleux R. (2012). Induction of potato steroidal glycoalkaloid biosynthetic pathway by overexpression of cDNA encoding primary metabolism HMG-CoA reductase and squalene synthase. Planta 235:1341-1353.
Mweetwa A.M., Hunter, D., Poe R., Harich K.C., Ginzberg I., Veilleux R. and Tokuhisa J. (2012). A developmental survey of the steroidal glycoalkaloid profile of Solanum chacoense. Phytochemistry 75:32-40.
Hovav R., Badani H., Ginzberg I., Chevat I., Brand Y. and Galili S. (2012). Evaluation of a peanut collection for shell-color traits in two diverse soil types. Plant Breeding 131: 148-154.
Fogelman E., Kaplan A., Tanami Z. and Ginzberg I. (2011). Antioxidative activity associated with chilling injury tolerance of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) rind. Scientia Horticulturae 128: 267-273.
Buskila Y., Tsror (Lahkim) L., Sharon M., Teper-Bamnolker P., Holczer-Erlich O., Warshavsky S., Ginzberg I., Burdman S. and Eshel D. (2011). Postharvest dark skin spots in potato tubers are an oversuberization response to Rhizoctonia solani Infection. Phytopathology 101: 436-444.
Ginzberg, I., Tubi, A., Buchshtab, O., Wininger, S., Ben-Dor, B., Fogelman, E. and Kapulnik, Y. (2010). Soil type and wetness affect tint of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Pod Shell. Peanut Science 37:144-150.
Ginzberg, I., Tokuhisa, J.G. and Veilleux, R.E. (2009). Potato steroidal glycoalkaloids: biosynthesis and genetic manipulation. Potato Res. 52: 1-15.
Ginzberg, I., Barel, G., Ophir, R., Tzin, E., Tanami, Z., Muddarangappa, T., de Jong, W., and Fogelman, E. (2009). Transcriptomic profiling of heat-stress response in potato periderm. J. Exp. Bot. 60: 4411 - 4421.
Fogelman, E., Redel, G., Doron, I., Naor, A., Ben-Yashar, E. and Ginzberg, I. (2009). Control of apple russeting in a warm and dry climate. J. Hort. Sci. & Biotech. 84: 279-284.
Barel, G. and Ginzberg, I. (2008). Potato skin proteome is enriched with plant defence components. J. Exp. Bot. 59: 3347-3357.
Ginzberg, I. (2008). Wound-periderm formation. In "Induced Plant Resistance to Herbivory" (A. Schaller ed.) Springer, p. 131-146.
Gerchikov, N., Keren-Keiserman1, A., Perl-Traves, R. and Ginzberg, I. (2008). Wounding of melon fruits as a model system to study rind netting. Sci. Hort. 117: 115-122.
Krits, P., Fogelman, E. and Ginzberg, I. (2007). Potato steroidal glycoalkaloid levels and the expression of key isoprenoid metabolic genes. Planta 227:143-150.
Keren-Keiserman, A., Tanami, Z., Shoseyov, O. and Ginzberg, I. (2004). Peroxidase activity associated with suberization processes of the muskmelon (Cucumis melo) rind. Physiol. Plant. 121:141-148.
Keren-Keiserman, A., Tanami, Z., Shoseyov, O. and Ginzberg, I. (2004). Differing rind characteristics of developing fruits of smooth and netted melons (Cucumis melo). J. Hort Sci & Biotech 79:107-113.