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שלח באימייל הדפס
Name: Anat Levi-Zada (Byers), Ph.D. (Researcher)
Units: Plant ProtectionEntomology and the Nematology and Chemistry units
Research Interests / Job description  Latest Chapters In Blog
Tel:  Office 972-(0)3-9683760 Lab 972-(0)3-9683454
Cell: 781
Email:    anatzada@volcani.agri.gov.il
Office location:Pheromone Chemistry Laboratory- Entomology Department
Address:Dept. of Entomology
Institute of Plant Protection
Volcani Institute (ARO)
P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7505101

2000-Date. Research Scientist of Pheromone Chemistry

2019-2022 Head of the Department of Entomology and the Nematology and Chemistry Units.

Video lecture describing areas of my research: Pleanary Lecture in ISCE Pest Managment Session 2021, Cape Town, South Africa

A video clip: Pheromone chemistry lab of Israel

Research Interests / Job description
Education: BSc in Chemistry (extended), MSc (cum laud) and PhD in Organic and Polymer Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem. Tutored by Profs Y. Avni and J. Klien (MSc); Profs A. Zilkha and Y. Avni (PhD). Post-Doc in Loughborough Uni., UK. with Prof. D. Horstone

1. Identification of insect pheromones of agricultural and economic importance in Israel/worldwide, From basic science to application: Isolation, chemical analysis, synthesis, lure design and formulation, and field testing of insect pheromones.

2. Development of advanced practices using pheromones in Integrate Pest Management (IPM) for detection, monitoring, and pest control (mating disruption, mass-trapping, push-pull and lure & kill).

3. Development of novel and environmentally friendly formulations that release pheromones at effective levels for long periods.

4. Identification of pest insect repellents for application in push-pull methodologies.

List of Publications

1. Zada A., Avny Y., Zilkha A. (1997). New type of crosslinking agents for vinyl polymers. Polymer Preprints 38 (1): 145-146.

2. Zada A., Avny Y., Zilkha A. (1999). Monomers for non-bond crosslinking of vinyl  polymers. Eur. Polym. J., 35: 1159-1164.

3. Zada A., Avny Y., Zilkha A. (1999). Polymer crosslinking without chemical bonding. Chemistry in Israel, 2: 10-16.

4. Zada A., Avny Y., Zilkha A. (2000). Monomers for non-bond crosslinking of vinyl polymers- II. Cyclic octaethylene glycol 5-methacrylamido-isophtalate. Eur. Polym. J., 36:  351-357.

5. Zada A., Avny Y., Zilkha A. (2000). Monomers for non-bond crosslinking of vinyl polymers III. Some characteristics of the system. Eur. Polym. J., 36: 359-364.

6. Zada A., Avny Y., Zilkha A. (2001).  Simplified synthesis of olygo-ethylene glycols. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 4 (2): 163-166.

7. Zada A., Dunkelblum E., Assael F., Harel M., Cojocaru M., Mendel Z. (2001). Identification of a second component of the sex pheromone of the vine mealybug. Boll.  Zool. Agr. Bachic. Ser. II, 33(3): 275-281.

8. Gross S., Dunkelblum E., Assael F., Harel M., Zada A., Mendel Z. (2001). Characterization of the performance of pheromone traps as a basis for the management  of the citrus mealybug Planococcus citri in citrus groves. Boll. Zool. Agr. Bachic. Ser. II,33(3): 283-295.

9. Suma P., Russo A., Dunkelblum E., Zada A., Mendel Z. (2001). Pheromonal and kairomonal activity of Planococcus citri pheromone and some of its analogs. Boll. Zool.  Agr. Bachic. Ser. II, 33(3): 305-312.

10. Zada A., Soroker V., Harel M.,  Nakache J., Dunkelblum E. (2002). Quantitative GC analysis of secondary alcohols pheromones:  Determination of the  release rate of the red  palm weevil,  Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, pheromone from lures. J. Chem. Ecol., 28 (11):2279-2286.

11. Zada A., Dunkelblum E., Harel M., Assael F. , Mendel Z. (2002). Studies on the sex pheromone of the vine mealybug Planococcus ficusAlon Hanotea, 56: 38-41.

12. Dunkelblum E., Zada A., Gross S., Fraistat P. , Mendel Z. (2002).  Sex pheromone and analogs of the citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri: Synthesis and biological activity.   IOBC/ WPRS Bulletin. 25(9): 213-220.

13. Zada A., Dunkelblum E., Assael F., Harel M., Cojocaru M. , Mendel Z. (2003). Sex pheromone of the vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus in Israel: Occurrence of a second component in a mass-reared population. J. Chem. Ecol., 29 (4): 977-988.

14. Zada A., Ben-Yehuda S., Dunkelblum E., Harel M., Assael F., Mendel Z. (2004). Synthesis and biological activity of the four stereoisomers of 4-methyl-3-heptanol: main component of the aggregation pheromone of Scolytus amygdali.  J. Chem. Ecol., 30 (3): 631-641.

15. Zada A., Dunkelblum E., Harel M., Assael F., Gross S., Mendel Z. (2004). Sex pheromone of the Citrus Mealybug Planococcus citri: Synthesis and optimization of trap parameters. J. Econ. Entomol., 97(2): 361-368.

16. Zada A., Harel M. (2004). Enzymatic transesterification of racemic lavandulol: Preparation of the two enantiomeric alcohols and of the two enantiomers of lavandulyl  senecioate. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, 15: 2339-2343.

17.  Larkov O., Dunkelblum E., Zada A., Lewinsohn E., Freiman L., Dudai N., Ravid U. (2005). Enantiomeric composition of (E)-and (Z)- sabinene hydrate and their acetates in five Origanum species. Flavour Fragr. J., 20: 109-114.

18.  Zada A., Ben-Yehuda S., Harel M., Strienz L., Falach L. (2005). The use of propheromones for the monitoring of the cotton pest spiny bollworm, Earias insulana. The development of a new dispenser. Gan, Sade Vamesheck, 11: 15-20.

19.   Zada A., Dunkelblum E. (2006). A convenient resolution of racemic lavandulol through lipase-catalyzed acylation with succinic anhydride: Simple preparation of enantiomerically pure (R)-Lavandulol. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, 17: 230-233.

20.  Reuveny H., Zada A., Harari A., Oppenheim D. (2006). Efficiency of pheromone and eggs traps to monitoring the leopard moth Zeuzera pyrina L. Alon Hanotea, 60: 18-21.

21.  Avny Y., Zada  A., Zilkha A. (2007). Non-bond crosslinked macroporous thermally reversible hydrogels. Polym. Adv. Technol. ,18: 780-783.

22.  Ben-Yehuda S., Dunkelblum E., Protasov A., Kozlitski W., Zada A.,  Mendel Z. (2007). Occurrence of Synanthedon vespiformis (Lepidoptera; Sesiidae) in stone fruit orchards and development of means for its monitoring. Alon Hanotea, 61: 11-15.

23.   Franco J.C., Silva E.B., Cortegano E., Campos L., Branco M.,  Zada A. and Mendel Z.(2008). Kairomonal response of the parasitoid Anagyrus pseudococci to the sex  pheromone of the vine mealybug. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 126: 122-130.

24.  Tsfadia, O., Azrielli, A., Falach, L, Zada, A., Roelofs, W.L., Rafaeli, A. (2008). Pheromone biosynthetic pathways: PBAN-regulated rate-limiting steps and differential expression of desaturase genes in moth species. Insect Bioch. Mol. Biol. 38: 552-567.

25.  Zada A., Dunkelblum E., Assael F. , Franco J. C., da Silva E. B., Protasov A., Mendel Z.(2008).  Attraction of the mealybug, Planococus ficus, males to pheromone baits: flight  activity, bait longevity and response to racemic and chiral components.  J. Appl. Entomol., 132: 480-489.

26.  Franco J. C., Fortuna T., da Silva E. B., Suma P., Russo A., Campos L., Branco M., Zada A., Mendel Z.(2008). May vine mealybug sex pheromone improve the biological control of the citrus mealybug? Citrus IPM, Catania, IOBC Bulletin. 38:94-98. 

27. Zada A., Falach L., Byers J. A. (2009). Development of sol-gel formulation for slow release of pheromones. Chemoecology, 19: 94-98.

28. Alagarmalai J., Nestel D., Dragushich D., Nemny-Lavy E., Anshelevich L., Zada A., Soroker V. (2009). Identification of host attractants for the Ethiopian fruit fly, Dacus ciliatus loew (Diptera: Tephritidae). J. Chem. Ecol., 35: 542-551.

29. Franco J. C., Zada A., Mendel Z. (2009). Novel Approaches for the Management of Mealybug Pests. In: Biorational Control: Application and Resistance Managements. Eds: I. Ishaaya and A. R. Horowitz. Springer, Berlin, Germany. pp 233-278.

30. da Silva E. B., Fortuna T., Franco J. C.s, Campos L., Branco M., Zada A., Mendel Z. (2009). Kairomonal response of a parasitic wasp to the sex pheromone of the vineyard mealybug. Pheromones and other Semiochemicals. IOBC/wprs Bulletin, Vol. 41, pp. 79-82.

31.  Reuveny H. Oppenheim D., Zada A. (2010). The efficiency of mating disruption technique in controlling the Anarsia lineatellaAlon Hanotea, 64: 26-31.

32.  H. Kol-Maimon, A. Levi-Zada, J. C. Franco, E. Dunkelblum, A. Protasov, M.  Eliyaho, Z. Mendel (2010). Male behaviors reveal multiple pherotypes within vine mealybug Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera; Pseudococcidae) populations. Naturwissenschaften, 97:1047-1057.

33. Byers J. A and Levi-Zada A. (2011). Individual variation of (S)-4-methyl-3-heptanone in heads of braconid wasp, Leiophron uniformis, and Pogonomyrmex ants indicates costs of semiochemical production. Chemoecology , 21: 35-44.

34. Levi-Zada  A., Ben-Yehuda S., Dunkelblum E., Gindin G., Fefer D., Protasov A., Kuznetsowa T., Manulis-Sasson S., Mendel Z. (2011) Identification and field bioassays of the sex pheromone of the yellow-legged clearwing Synanthedon vespiformis (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae). Chemoecology, 21:227-233.

35. Franco J.C., da Silva E.B , Fortuna T.,  Cortegano E., Branco M., Suma P.,   La Torre I., Russo A., Elyahu M., Protasov A., Levi-Zada A. , Mendel Z. (2011). Vine mealybug sex pheromone increases citrus mealybug parasitism by Anagyrus sp. near pseudococci (Girault). Biological Control. 58, 230-238.

36. Levi-Zada A., Fefer D.,  Anshelevitch L., Litovsky A. ,  Bengtsson M., Gindin G.,  Soroker V. (2011). Identification of the sex pheromone of the lesser date moth, Batrachedra amydraula, using sequential SPME auto-sampling. Tetrahedron Lett., 52: 4550-4553. 

37. Levi-Zada A., Ben-Yehuda S., Dunkelblum E. , Gindin G., Fefer D.,  Protasov A., Dror O.,  Kuznetsowa T.,  Manulis-Sasson S.,  Mendel Z. (2011). Study of the sex  pheromone of the yellow leg clearwing and the relevance to its management. Alon Hanotea, 65 (6): 30-36. With abstract in English.

38. Levi-Zada A., Fefer D., Anshelevitch L., Litovsky A., Goldenberg I., Rene S., Levski S., Gitgartz L, Carmeli D., Ketner N., Nakash Y. , Gindin G., Soroker V. (2011). Identification of the sex pheromone of the Lesser date moth, Batrachedra Amydraula. Alon Hanotea, 65(8): 30-34.

39. Mendel Z., Protasov A., Jasrotia P., Silva E. B.Levi-Zada A., Franco J.C. (2012). Sexual maturation and aging of adult male mealybug (Hemiptera; Pseudococcidae). Bull. Entomol. Res. 102: 385-394.

40.  Mendel Z., Jasrotia P., Protasov A., Kol-Maimon H., Levi Zada A., Franco J. C. (2012). Responses of second-instar male nymphs of four mealybug species (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) to conspecific and heterospecific female sex pheromones. J Insect Behav., 25: 504-513. 

41. D. Blumberg, A. Levi-Zada (2012). Lesser date moth, Batrachedra amydraula Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Batrachedridae) - Present situation. Alon Hanotea, 66(1): 40-43. With abstract in English.

42.  Levi-Zada A., Nestel D., Fefer D., Nemni-Lavy E., Deloya-Kahane I., David M. (2012). Analyzing diurnal and age-related pheromone emission of the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Diptera: Tephritidae) by sequential SPME-GCMS analysis. J. Chem. Ecol., 38: 1036-1041.

43.  Levi-Zada A., Sadowsky A., Dobrinin S., David M., Ticuchinski T.,  Fefer D.,  Greenberg A., Blumberg D. (2013). Reevaluation of the sex pheromone of the lesser date moth, Batrachedra amydraula, using autosampling SPME-GC/MS and field bioassays. Chemoecology. 23: 13-20.

44. Byers J. A., Fefer D., Levi-Zada A. (2013). Sex pheromone component ratios and mating isolation among three Lygus plant-bug species of North America. Naturwissenschaften. 100: 1115-1123.

45. Yasin S., Rempoulakis P., Nemny-Lavy E.,Levi-Zada A.,Tsukada M.,Papadopoulos, N., Nestel D (2014). Assessment of lure and kill and mass-trapping methods against the olive fly, Bactrocera oleae (Rossi), in desert-like environments in the Eastern Mediterranean. Crop Protection. 57:63-70.

46.  Levi-Zada A., Sadowsky A., Dobrinin S., David M., Ticuchinski T., Fefer D., Greenberg A., Blumberg D.(2014). Reassessment of the Lesser date moth pheromone and its application in monitoring.  Alon Hanotea, 68 (2): 32-38. With abstract in English.

47.  Levi-Zada A., David M., Fefer D., Seplyarsky V., Sadowsky A., Dobrinin S., Ticuchinski T., Harari D., Blumberg D., Dunkelblum E. (2014). Circadian release of male-specific components of greater date moth, Aphomia (Arenipses) sabella, using sequential SPME/GC/MS analysis. J. Chem. Ecol., 40: 236-243.

48. Levi-Zada A., David M., Fefer D., Sepliarsky V., Sadowsky A., Dobrinin S., Ticuchinski T., Harari D., Blumberg D., Dunkelblum E. (2014). Identification of the male sex pheromone components of Greater date moth. Alon Hanotea 68(5):45-48.

49. Levi-Zada A., Fefer D., David M., Eliyahu M., Franco J.C., Protasov A., Dunkelblum E., Mendel Z. (2014). Diel periodicity of pheromone release by females of Planococcus citri and Planococcus ficus and the temporal flight activity of their conspecific males. Naturwissenschaften, 101: 671-678

50. Byers J. A., Maoz Y., Levi-Zada A. (2017). Attraction of the polyphagous shot hole borer Euwallacea sp. near fornicatus to quercivorol and to infestations in avocado.  J. Econ. Entomol. 110(4): 1512-1517

51. Brent C. S., Byers J. A., Levi-Zada A. (2017). An insect anti-antiaphrodisiac. eLife.DOI: 10.7554/eLife.24063.

52. Dunkelblum E., Levi-Zada A. (2017). Pheromone Research and Development in Israel 1975-2015. Phytoparasitica. 45(5):619-637.

53. Levi-Zada, A., Sadowsky, A., Dobrinin, S.,  Ticuchinski,  T., David,M., Fefer, D.,Dunkelblum, E and Byers J. A. (2018). Monitoring and mass-trapping methodologies using pheromones: The lesser date moth Batrachedra amydraulaBull. Entomol. Res. 108: 58-68.

54.  Byers J. A., Maoz Y., Wakarchuk D., Fefer D., Levi-Zada A. (2018). Inhibitory effects of semiochemicals on the attraction of an ambrosia beetle Euwallacea nr. fornicatus to quercivorol.  J. Chem. Ecol., 44:565-575.

55. Byers J. A., Sadowsky A., Levi-Zada A. (2018).  Index of host habitat preference explored by movement-based simulations and trap captures. J. Anim. Ecol. 87: 1320-1330.

56.  Batarseh C. Levi-Zada A., Abu-Reziq R. (2019) Preparation of catalytic deep eutectic solvents-based silica microreactors using a non-aqueous sol-gel route. J. Mater. Chem. A. 7: 2242-2252. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8TA09021A

57. Levi-Zada, A., David, M., Fefer, D.,Dunkelblum E., Sadowsky, A., Ticuchinski, T., Katzman A., Yossel E., Dobrinin, S., Byers J. A. (2019). Lesser date moth: Development of mass trapping tools by pheromones. Alon Hanotea, 73(2):20-25. http://www.snapcall.org/alon/201902/index.html#p=21

58. Levi-Zada A., Steiner S., Fefer D., Kaspi R. (2019). Identification of the sex pheromone of the spherical mealybug Nipaecoccus viridisJ. Chem. Ecol. 45: 455-463. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-019-01075-3

59. Natour S., Levi-Zada A., Abu-Reziq R. (2019). Magnetic polyurea nano-capsules synthesized via interfacial polymerization in inverse nano-emulsion. Molecules. 24(14), 2663-2678. doi: 10.3390/molecules24142663

60. Levi-Zada A., Steiner S., Fefer D., Kaspi R. (2019). Spherical mealybug sex pheromone identification. Alon Hanotea 73(10): 28-32. http://www.snapcall.org/alon/201910/index.html#p=29

61. Levi-Zada A., Fefer D., Madar R., Steiner S., Kaspi R. (2020). Improved monitoring of false codling moth. Alon Hanotea 74(1): 44-49.  http://www.snapcall.org/alon/202001/index.html#p=45 

62. Byers J. A., Maoz Y., Fefer D., Levi-Zada A. (2020). Protecting avocado trees of ambrosia beetle by push-pull method. Alon Hanotea 74(1): 38-42. http://www.snapcall.org/alon/202001/index.html#p=39

63. Levi-Zada A.,  Fefer D., Madar R., Steiner S., Kaspi R. (2020). Evaluation of pheromone of false codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta in Israel by sequential SPME/GCMS analysis and field trials. J. Pest Sci., 93: 519-529.  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10340-019-01138-0

64. Byers J. A., Maoz Y., Fefer D., Levi-Zada A. (2020). Semiochemicals affecting attraction of ambrosia beetle Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) to quercivorol: Developing push-pull control. J. Econ. Entomol. 113 (5): 2120-2127. DOI: 10.1093/jee/toaa127

65. Levi-Zada A. , Levy A., Rempoulakis P., Fefer D., Steiner S., Gazit Y., Nestel D., Yuval B., Byers J. A. (2020).  Diel rhythm of volatile emissions of males and females of the peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonataJ. Insect Physiol. On-line.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2019.103970

66. Byers J. A., Maoz Y., Cohen B., Golani M., Fefer D., Levi-Zada A. (2021) Protecting avocado trees from ambrosia beetles by repellents and mass trapping (push-pull): experiments and simulations. J. Pest Sci., 94:991-1002.  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10340-020-01310-x

67. Levi-Zada A., Steiner S., Ben-Aziz O., Protasov A., Fefer D., Kaspi R.(2021) Absolute configuration of the spherical mealybug Nipaecoccus viridis sex pheromone, γ-necrodyl isobutyrate: Chemoenzymatic synthesis and bioassays. J. Agri. Food Chem., 69(10):3026-3031. https://pubs.acs.org/articlesonrequest/AOR-MXUQ9VP2VZ94JQ9Z5D4X

68. Levi-Zada A., Byers J. A. (2021) Circadian rhythms of insect pheromone titre, calling, emission, and response: a review. Science of Nature, 108:35 on web:

69. Byers J. A., Levi-Zada A. (2022). Modelling push-pull management of pest insects using repellents and attractive traps in fruit tree orchards. Pest Manag.Sci 78: 3630-3637  http://doi.org/10.1002/ps.7005.

70. Levi-Zada A. (2023). Pheromones and semiochemicals with potential uses in management of citrus pests. Entomol Gen. DOI: 10.1127/entomologia/2023/1946

71. Levi-Zada A., Steiner S., Ben-Aziz O., Fefer D. (2023) Sequential isolation of essential oils repellent to the red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J. Chem. Ecol. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10886-023-01451-0

72. Levi–Zada, A., Fefer, D., Steiner, S., Ben–Aziz, O., Protasov, A. and Kaspi, R. (2023). Advances in mealybug pheromone identification for IPM: The case of spherical mealybug Nipaecoccus viridis.  IOBC-WPRS Bulletin Vol. 166, pp. 3-4.

73. Levi–Zada, A., Steiner, S., Ben–Aziz, O., Fefer, D.(2023). Red palm weevil: Isolation of essential oils Insect repellents for pest control by the 'push and pull' method. Alon Hanotea. 78 (10): 25-34.  http://www.snapcall.org/alon/202310/index.html

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