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STATE OF ISRAEL I MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT   
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Institute of Agricultural Engineering
Institute of Animal Scienc
Gilat Research Center
Newe Ya'ar Research Center
Institute of Plant Protection
Institute of Plant Science
Postharvest and Food Sciences
*Institute of Soil, Water & Environmental Sciences
Institute of Soil, Water & Environmental Sciences

Institute of Soil, Water & Environmental Sciences - Central ARO Campus, Rishon Leziyon

Environmental Physics and Irrigation

  1. Friedman Shmulik e-mail Team:Ido Nitsan, Dr. Gregoriy Kaplan
    Supplemental Drip Irrigation in Fields with Shallow Groundwater
    The project includes phases of water flow and uptake modeling and lysimeter experiments aimed at evaluating the effects of geometrical and soil type attributes on plant water uptake from shallow groundwater, with or without on-surface drip irrigation, towards establishing a design tool for supplementary drip irrigation in the presence of shallow water tables.
  2. Rozenstein Oferr e-mail Team:
    Remote Sensing Applications in Agriculture
    -Remote sensing applications to precision agriculture and irrigation.
    - The use of SAR interferometry for soil degradation studies.
    -Remote sensing modeling of surface energy balance and evapotranspiration.
    -The use of SAR in combination with optical remote sensing (e.g. Sentinel-1 and Sentinel 2).
    - Combining drones SFM models with Lidar and thermal imagery
    - Spectroscopy of soils and vegetation

Soil Chemistry, Plant Nutrition and Microbiology

  1. Bar-tal Asher e-mail Team:Dr Uri Yermiyahu, Dr Idit Ginzburg
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    Optimizing the management of nitrogen fertilization of potato
    Potato is one of the major crops in vegetables and field crops in Israel. The common practice of potato fertilization in Israel is to apply high Nitrogen fertilization rate (600-800 kg/ha) from planting up to 3-4 weeks before termination of the canopy. The high rates of nitrogen fertilization may lead to contamination of the ground water, whereas stopping the supply of N at the may lead to reduction in the tubers yield and quality. In a preliminary lysimeters study we found that the early termination of nitrogen fertilization caused reduction in tubers yield and quality. The objective of the study is to optimize the management of nitrogen fertilization of potato for high tubers yield and quality and minimizing environmental contamination. The study will be conducted in field trials and soil and plants measurements will be used to determine plant response, tubers yield and quality, nitrogen uptake and leaching below the root zoone.
  2. Borisover Mikhail e-mail Team: Dr. Isam Sabbah (The Braude colleague, Israel), Prof. Helen Thanh Nguyen (The university of Illinoi, USA)
    Water disinfection for re-use: spectroscopic characterization of aquatic organic matter related to formation of disinfection byproducts and water toxicity
    Use of different types of water in agriculture as well as its re-use often require disinfection which is associated with formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) and may also induce water toxicity. Aquatic organic matter is known to act as a precursor to DBP formation. The objectives of the project are (1) to characterize organi matter in different types of water, prior to and after disinfection (by chlorination and ozonation) by means of excitation-emission fluorescence and absorbance spectroscopies, (2) identify changes in organic matter due to disinfection, (3) determine the presence of some characteristic DBPs, (4) relate spectroscopic and DBP-indicators to water toxicity. The final goal is to better understand the factors leading to development of aqueous toxicity along water disinfection and to learn how the DBP formation and toxic effects may be minimized. We are looking for a M. Sc. student interested in wet chemistry work and exciting modern spectroscopic and chemometric a
  3. Graber Ellen e-mail Team:Yigal Elad and Others
    Plant Biostimulants
    Our team has been striving intensively for the last 8 years to understand the ways in which biochar and other pyrolysis co-products influence plant growth, disease resistance, and stress tolerance. Our activities in this dynamic field have led us to a number of important discoveries and new insights. We are looking for excellent students interested in continuing to forge forward with us along a variety of fronts and in a number of inter-related disciplines: biochemistry, chemistry, plant physiology, molecular biology, bioinformatics, agronomy and more. Potential interested students are welcome to contact us to discuss openings.
  4. Dror Minz e-mail Team:Prof' Yitzhak Hadar, Hebrew University
    Plant microbiome: Molecular plant-microbe interactions
    Plant and it's microbiome interact on many levels. these interactions determine plant health and well-being, supporting growth, nutrition, hormonal status and sensitivity to plant pathogens. We use state of the art molecular and microbial techniques to study these interactions of microbiome interaction with its host in health and disease. We manage to manipulate and control the microbiome for the benefit of the plant. Typical tools we use are metagenome (the analysis of total genes of all genomes of the whole community) and metatranscriptome (the analysis of total EXPRESSED genes of all the organisms in the whole community). For example see: https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms5950
Updated on: 08/03/18 10:08
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