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STATE OF ISRAEL I MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT   
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שלח באימייל הדפס
Plant Sciences
Animal Science
Plant Protection
Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences
Postharvest and Food Sciences
Agricultural Engineering
Gilat
Newe Ya'ar
Administration
Units
Entomology and the Nematology and Chemistry units
Plant Pathology and Weed Research
Administration
Entomology and the Nematology and Chemistry units
Head: Eric Palevsky, Ph.D.
Staff
The Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry conducts applied and basic research on issues and problems related to agriculture and forestry. Its main objective is to solve problems of plant protection that affect the agricultural and forestry sectors of Israel, for the benefit of both producers and consumers. The Department's research also aims to improve the rural and urban environment by developing, testing and applying novel pest management strategies that reduce the use of pesticides.

The members of the department conduct cutting-edge research on the ecology and biological control of insect pests and nematodes, including their chemical ecology, physiology, and biochemistry, using modern techniques of molecular biology and genomics. The department maintains numerous collaborations with scientists and institutions throughout the world.

 

Main Areas of Agricultural Research:
• Rational design of environment friendly insect control agents based on interference with the activity of the nervous system (Vinnie Altstein).

• Determining specificity between whiteflies biotypes and virus transmission ability. Determining the contribution of bacterial symbionts to the biology of whiteflies. Monitoring resistance in major pests on a yearly basis (Murad Ghanim).

• Development of optically modified nets to reduce pest invasion. Development of IPM programs for thrips, corn and wheat pests, Development of methods to reduce pests using suction and heat. (David Ben Yakir).

• Biological/physical control of arthropod pests and vectors of bacterial plant pathogens (Phyllis Weintraub).

• Identification, characterization and evaluation of potential predatory mites for conservation biological (Eric Palevsky).

• Discovery and development of entomopathogenic viruses for insect-pest control, including genetically engineered baculoviruses. Discovery of new antiviral treatments to combat honey bee virus infections. (Nor Chejanovsky).

• Development of microbial control agents (nematodes and fungi) against agricultural pests (Itamar Glazer).

• Establishment of SIT protocols for Tephritidae fruit flies and development of e-traps for these pests (David Nestel).

• Studying molecular mechanisms and nematode's effectors regulating plant response to nematode infection, establish integrated nematode control through developing new friendly biocontrol agent (Sigal Brown).

• Pheromone identification of Israeli pest insects, development of methods for pheromone applications and novel slow release devices for pheromone (Anat Zada).

• Development of methods to control pests through manipulation of their reproductive system (Ally Harari).

• Deciphering multi-trophic interactions among plants/plant pathogens/ arthropod vectors/ natural enemies, and developing symbiont-based control methods (Einat Zchori Fein).

• Reproductive ecology, biological control and management of forest pests; and scale insects and bark and wood beetles in fruit tree orchards. (Zvi Mendel)

• Development of nematode control methods by chemical, biological, physical and cultural means (Yuji Oka)

• Conventional (biological control) and non-conventional (interference with host-finding and host-recognition) approaches to combat with plant-parasitic nematodes (Yitzhak Spiegel)

 

Staff members located at the regional centers:


Staff
Researchers
Name
(Surname, First name)
Research Interests /
Job description
Altstein Vinnie (Miriam), Prof. General: 1. Neuroendocrinology and neurochemistry 2. Rational design of insecticides 3. Molecular diagnostics 4. Food toxicology Specific topics: 1. Studies of neuroendocrine mechanisms in moths (sex pheromone biosynthesis, melanization, pupariation, muscle contraction, diapause). 2. Rational design of environment friendly non-toxic insect control agents based on disruption of the neuroendocrine system (i.e., design of neuropeptide-antagonist based insecticides). 3. Studies of bioavailability (penetrability through the cuticle) of compounds into insects. 4. Development of receptor based high throughput screening assays for discovery of new insect control agents. 5. Development of novel probes and immunochemical/microarray methods for monitoring pesticide residues from water, food and environmental samples.
Ben-Yakir David, Ph.D. Development of IPM programs for protected and field crops. The fate of antibodies ingested by arthropod pests and the potential of specific antibodies as insecticides Research topics in protected Crops: 1. Effect of photoselective covers on pest's entry and establishment. 2. Risk of pest's entry and establishment in time and space. 3. Reducing thrips damages. 4. Post harvest treatments for quarantine pests. Research topics in field Crop: 1. Pests of sweet corn. 2. Soil pests (earwigs, scarabs). 3. Pests of wheat.
Brown Sigal, Ph.D. 1.Understanding the molecular interaction leading to resistance or susceptibility to plant parasitic nematode. Identification and characterization of nematodes and plants effectors involved in early recognition events in the plant nematode interaction. 2. Molecular characterization of "resistance breaking" root knot nematodes populations. 3. Studying nematodes occurence in deciduous plants, grapevine and olive trees and screening rootstocks for nematodes resistance.
Chejanovsky Nor, Prof. Insect Viruses: Bee Viruses (host range, prevention, Colony collapse disorder CCD). Baculoviruses (host range, implementation in pest control). The insect antiviral response: innate immunity, RNAi, apoptosis.
Ghanim Murad, Ph.D. The research in my lab focuses on whiteflies (specifically the sweetpotato whitefly Bemisia tabaci) and B. tabaci-transmitted viruses on the biological and molecular levels. We also study other pathogen-vector systems and insect pest resistance to pesticides (whiteflies, thrips, aphids, psyllids and others). Bacterial symbionts of B. tabaci and other insects are in the center of our interests as they have fundamental roles in pathogen transmission and in many aspects of the biology of whiteflies and other insects, and can serve as excellent platform for developing novel methods for future whitefly and virus disease control.
Glazer Itamar, Prof. Biological Control of Insect Pests by Microbial control agents: Entomopathogenic nematodes- Ecology, Genetics and Application Entomopathogenic fungi- Ecology, host-parasite interactions and application.
Harari Ally R., Prof. Ecology of mating systems and sexual conflicts Sexual selection and reproductive tactics Interrupting sexual communication of insect pests as control means Ecology and IPM of various arthropods: Lepidopterans: Lobesia botrana, Cryptoblabes gnidiella, Euzopherodes vapidella, Deudorix livia, Ectomyelois ceratoniae, Tuta absoluta Coleopterans: Maladera matrida, Diaprepes abbreviates, Oryctes agamemnon Capnodis tenebrionis, Phloeosinus aubei, Phloeosinus armatus, Coccotrypes dactyliperda Spiders: Latrodectus pallidus, Latrodectus revivensis, Latrodectus geometricus
Mendel Zvi, Ph.D.
Nestel David, Ph.D. Spatial Dispersion Patterns of Fruit Flies; Nutritional Physiology of Fruit Flies; Alternative Control Methods, Including Mass-Trapping and Sterile Insect Technique Current Projects: 1) Application of SIT to control the olive fly in arid regions 2) Olive fly population trends and modelling in different geoclimatic areas 3) Application of mass-trapping to control the olive fly 4) Nutritional physiology of adult Ethiopian fruit fly 5) Attraction of the Ethiopian fruit fly to plant volatiles 6) Chemical control of the Ethiopian fruit fly 7) Post-Harvest cold treatments to curtail Medfly development in peppers 8) Development of SIT protocols for the Ethiopian fruit fly
Soroker Victoria, Ph.D. a. Chemical Ecology: 1) Regulation of pheromone production and detection in honeybees 2) Host recognition in arthropods (broad mite-Polyphagotarsonemus latus, Varroa destructor, Hyalesthes obsoletus; Capnodis tenebrionis; Dacus ciliatus). 3) Isolation of sex pheromones: Batrachedra amydraula; Pear Psylla-Cacopsyla bidens. b) Honeybee health- colony losses c) IPM - Date palm pests: Red Palm Weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus; Honeybee pests: Varroa mite
Spiegel Yitzhak, Prof. --- Control of plant-parasitic nematodes by intervention in the host-recognition process. --- Biological control of plant-parasitic nematodes. --- Cereal cyst, citrus and ornamental nematodes in Israel.
Zada (Levi-Zada) Anat, Ph.D. Identification of insect pheromones of agricultural and economical importance in Israel: Isolation, chemical analysis, synthesis, lure designment and field examination Establishment and advancement of pheromone practice in Integrate Pest Managment (IPM): For monitoring and pest control (mating disruption, mass-trapping and lure & kill). Development of novel and environmental friendly slow-release formulations of pheromones
Engineers/Technicians
Name
(Surname, First name)
Research Interests /
Job description
Ben-Aziz Orna
Bornshtein Alisa
Bucki Patricia, Ph.D.
David Maayan, B.Sc.
Davidovitz Michael
Fefer Daniela, B.Sc. Pheromone chemistry Identification, synthesis and applications
hen Michael
Kamer Yosef, Mr.
Kontsedalov Svetlana
Kuznetsova Tatiana
Lavi Esther
Lebedev Galina, M.Sc.
Mazor Michal, Ph.D. Fruit flies, attractants and repellents, baits, behavior and control. Biological control of fruit flies and the Carob Moth. Noctuid sex pheromones. Particle film technology with Surround WP. Acoustical signals and fluctuating asymmetry in the Mediterranean fruit fly.
Protasov Alex, Ph.D. Forest pests; Biological control of insect pests.
Sade Adi
Salame Liora
Steinitz Hadass, Ph.D.
Scholars
Name
(Surname, First name)
Research Interests /
Job description
Samra Shahar, M.Sc. My main field interests are entomology and biological control. My PhD research is about the biology and genetics of the parasitoid species complex of the pine processionary moth (Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni) and the Caper bug (Stenozygum coloratum).
Retiree
Name
(Surname, First name)
Research Interests /
Job description
Aharonson, Nadav, Ph.D. Development of analytical methods for pesticide residues Persistence and metabolism of pesticide residues in food, soil and water Systemic pesticides, uptake and degradation. Interaction between agrochemicals and soil microorganisms, affecting degradation Immunochemical approaches for selective cleanup and detection of residues
Ben-Dov, Yair, Ph.D. Scale Insects: systematics, biology, ecology and control Development and updating of ScaleNet - a computerized database of the Scale Insects of the world Development and updating of Scale Insect Forum (Hemiptera: Coccoidea)
Blumberg Daniel, Ph.D. Date palm and citrus pests Ecology and control of scale insects Biological control Parasitoid encapsulation by scale insects
Dunkelblum Ezra, Ph.D. Chemical communication Sex pheromone identification and application Moth pests Scale insect pests Sex pheromone identification
Eliyahu Miriam
Gindin Galina, Ph.D. Pathogens infecting insects and ticks: entomopathogenic fungi and bacteria (isolation, identification, bioassay, application in greenhouses and in field). Development of mycoacaricide based on entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae, against ticks. Improving efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis application against defoliators in forests and parks. Field evaluation of systemic insecticides for control of the pine processionary moth T.wilkinsoni. Development of insect diets (for example, for Capnodis spp. and Batrachedra amydraula).
Horowitz Rami A., Ph.D. Insecticide resistance and management Cotton pests Ecology and control of Bemisia tabaci, Liriomyza sp. and thrips Physical control (vacuuming insects) Area-wide pest management Bt -transgenic cotton
Ishaaya Isaac, Ph.D. Novel Insecticides Insecticides: resistance, biochemistry and biological modes of action Cotton pests Ecology and control of Bemisia tabaci, Liriomyza sp. and thrips
Klein Meir, Ph.D.
Mansour Fadel, Ph.D. Biological control of spider mites Host plant resistance to mites Acaricides from botanical origin
Melamed-Madjar Venezia, Ph.D.
Muszkat Lea, Ph.D. Remediation of organic pollution in water and effluents by solar photochemical and photocatalytic processes. The bactericidal and the fungicidal effects of solar photochemical processes examined in a greenhouse water recirculation system. Transport and fate of organic pollutants from soil surface to ground-water. The formation of higher organo-bromine substances during water disinfection. The fate of organic pollutants in deep reservoirs for wastewater treatment and reuse. Development of analytical methods for trace level pesticides.
Navon Amos, Ph.D. Microbial control of agricultural pests with Bacillus thuringiensis Development of formulations for entomopathogenic microbes and nematodes Insect hostplant interactions Development of botanical insecticides
Reneh Saadia
Virov Dan, Ph.D.
Wysoki Manes, Ph.D.
Contact details
Telephone Tel: 03-9683911, 050-6220111
Fax Fax: 03-9683445
Email Email: palevsky@volcani.agri.gov.il
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